Procedures for Testing and Monitoring Sources of Air Pollutants

Cover and Table of Contents

Introduction

Test Report Transmission Summary

Source Emissions Testing Companies 

Part 1: GENERAL PROVISIONS

Section 1.1 - Applicability

Section 1.2 - Performance and Compliance Testing

Section 1.3 - Compliance with Standards and Maintenance Requirements

Section 1.4 - Monitoring Requirements

Section 1.5 - Notification and Record Keeping

Section 1.6 - Incorporations by Reference

Section 1.7 - General Control Device Requirements

Section 1.8 - Required Overall Emissions Reduction Efficiency

Section 1.9 - General Notification and Reporting Requirements

Part 2: SOURCE CATEGORIES

Section 2.1 - Fuel Burning Equipment

Section 2.1b - Industrial-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating (Constructed after June 19, 1984)

Section 2.1c - Small Industrial-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units (NSPS)

Section 2.2 - Incinerators

Section 2.2a - Municipal Waste Combustors

Section 2.2b - Municipal Waste Combustors

Section 2.3 - Portland Cement Plants

Section 2.4 - Nitric Acid Plants

Section 2.5 - Sulfuric Acid Plants

Section 2.6 - Asphalt Concrete Plants

Section 2.7 - Petroleum Refineries

Section 2.8 - Storage Vessels for Petroleum Liquids and External Floating Roof Tanks

Section 2.8a - Storage Vessels for Petroleum Liquids (Constructed after May 18, 1978)

Section 2.8b - Volatile Organic Liquid Storage Vessels (Including Petroleum Liquid Storage Vessels - after July 23, 1984)

Section 2.9 - Secondary Lead Smelters

Section 2.10 - Secondary Brass and Bronze Ingot Production Plants

Section 2.11 - Iron and Steel Plants

Section 2.11a - Iron and Steel Plants (Secondary Emissions)

Section 2.12 - Sewage Treatment Plants

Section 2.13 - Primary Copper Smelters

Section 2.14 - Primary Zinc Smelters

Section 2.15 - Primary Lead Smelters

Section 2.16 - New Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants

Section 2.22 - Coal Preparation Plants

Section 2.23 - Ferroalloy Production Facilities

Section 2.24 - Steel Plants: Electric Arc Furnaces

Section 2.24a - Steel Plants: Electric Arc Furnaces and Argon-Oxygen Decarburization Vessels (Constructed after August 7, 1983)

Section 2.25 - Metallurgical Melting - Cupola Furnaces

Section 2.28 - Existing Kraft Pulp Mills

Section 2.29 - New Kraft Pulp Mills

Section 2.30 - Glass Manufacturing Plants

Section 2.31 - Grain Elevators

Section 2.33 - Surface Coating of Metal Furniture

Section 2.34 - Stationary Gas Turbines

Section 2.35 - Lime Manufacturing Plants

Section 2.39 - Lead-Acid Battery Manufacturing Plants

Section 2.40 - New Automobile and Light-Duty Truck Surface Coating Operations

Section 2.42 - New Bulk Gasoline Terminals

Section 2.43 - Paper Coating (All Sources)

Section 2.44 - Graphic Arts Industry: Publication Rotogravure Printing (NSPS Sources)

Section 2.45 - Graphic Arts Industry: All Sources

Section 2.46 - Pressure Sensitive Tape and Label Surface Coating Operations (NSPS Sources)

Section 2.47 - Metal Coil Coating

Section 2.48 - Asphalt Processing and Asphalt Roofing Plants

Section 2.49 - Equipment Leaks of VOC in the Synthetic Organic Chemicals Manufacturing Industry

Section 2.50 - Industrial Surface Coating of Large Appliances

Section 2.51 - Beverage Can Coating

Section 2.52 - Surface Coating of Miscellaneous Metal Parts

Section 2.53 - Wire Coating

Section 2.54 - Rubber Tire Manufacturing Industry (NSPS Sources)

Section 2.55 - Paper Coating Operations

Section 2.56 - Industrial Cleaning Solvents

Section 2.59 - Flexible Vinyl and Urethane Coating and Printing

Section 2.60 - Equipment Leaks of VOC in Petroleum Refineries

Section 2.62 - Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry (SOCMI) - Air Oxidation Unit Processes

Section 2.67 - Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry (SOCMI) - Distillation Operations

Section 2.68 - Non-Metallic Mineral Processing Plants

Section 2.69 - Wool Fiberglass Insulation Manufacturing Plants

Section 2.73 - Surface Coating of Plastic Parts for Business Machines

Section 2.74 - Calciners and Dryers in Mineral Industries

Section 2.99 - Visible Emissions

Section 2.100 - Granular and Mixed Fertilizer Manufacturing Plants

Section 2.101 - Normal Superphosphate Facilities

Section 2.102 - Kaolin and Fuller's Earth Manufacturing Processes

Section 2.103 - Cotton Gins

Section 2.104 - General Manufacturing Processes

Section 2.105 - Ammonium Nitrate Fertilizer Processes

Section 2.106 - Ammonium Sulfate Processes

Section 2.107 - Metallic Mineral Processing Plants

Section 2.108 - Synthetic Fiber Production Facilities

Section 2.109 - Fabric and Vinyl Coating (All Sources)

Section 2.110 - Gasoline Transport Vehicles

Section 2.111 - Major Sources of VOC

Section 2.112 - Automobile and Light-Duty Truck Surface Coating Operations (All Sources)

Section 2.113 - Flat Wood Paneling

Section 2.114 - Municipal Solid Waste Landfills

Section 2.115 - Gasoline Dispensing Facility - Stage I

Section 2.116 - Electric Utility Steam Generation Units

Section 2.117 - Hospital/Medical/Infectious Waste Incinerators

Section 2.118 - Aerospace Manufacturing and Rework Facilities

Section 2.119 - Fuel Burning Equipment

Section 2.120 - Stationary Gas Turbines and Stationary Engines used to Generate Electricity

Section 2.121 - Large Stationary Combined Cycle Gas Turbines

Section 2.122 - Commercial & Industrial Solid Waste Incineration (Constructed before November 30, 1999)

Section 2.123 - VOC Emissions from Extruded Polystyrene Products Manufacturing Utilizing an Injected Blowing Agent

Section 2.124 - Multipollutant Control for Electric Utility Steam Generating Units 

Section 2.125 - Sulfur Dioxide Emissions from Electric Utility Steam Generating Plants 

Section 2.126 - Surface Coating of Miscellaneous Plastic Parts And Products 

Section 2.127 - Surface Coating of Miscellaneous Industrial Adhesives 

Section 2.128 - Surface Coating of Pleasure Craft 

Section 2.129 - VOC Emissions from Fiberglass Boat Manufacturing 

Section 2.130 - Sewage Sludge Incineration Units

Part 3: HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS

Section 3.0 - General Provisions

Section 3.1 - Asbestos

Section 3.2 - Beryllium

Section 3.4 - Mercury

Section 3.5 - Ethylene Dichloride, Vinyl Chloride, and Polyvinyl Chloride Plants

Section 3.21 - Equipment Leaks (Fugitive Emissions Sources)

Section 3.27 - Benzene Transfer Operations

Part 4: Appendices

Appendix A - Part 1 - Test Methods

Method 1 - Sample and Velocity Traverses for Stationary Sources

Method 1A - Sample and Velocity Traverses for Stationary Sources with Small Stacks or Ducts

Method 2 - Determination of Stack Gas Velocity and Volumetric Flow Rate (Type S Pitot Tube)

Method 2A - Direct Measurement of Gas Volume through Pipes and Small Ducts

Method 2B - Determination of Exhaust Gas Volume Flow Rate from Gasoline Vapor Incinerators

Method 2C - Determination of Stack Gas Velocity and Volumetric Flow Rate in Small Stacks or Ducts (Standard Pitot Tube)

Method 2D - Measurement of Gas Volumetric Flow Rates in Small Pipes or Ducts

Method 2E - Determination of Landfill Gas Production Flow Rate

Method 2F - Determination of Stack Gas Velocity and Volumetric Flow Rate with Three-Dimensional Probes

Method 2G - Determination of Stack Gas Velocity and Volumetric Flow Rate with Two-Dimensional Probes

Method 2H - Determination of Stack Gas Velocity Taking into Account Velocity Decay Near the Stack Wall

Method 3 - Gas Analysis for the Determination of Dry Molecular Weight

Method 3A - Determination of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Concentrations in Emissions from Stationary  Sources (Instrument Analyzer Procedure)

Method 3B - Gas analysis for the Determination of Emission Rate correction Factor or Excess Air

Method 3C - Determination of Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Nitrogen, and Oxygen from Stationary Sources

Method 4 - Determination of Moisture Content in Stack Gases

Method 5 - Determination of Particulate Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 5A - Determination of Particulate Emissions from the Asphalt Processing and Asphalt Roofing Industry

Method 5D - Determination of Particulate Matter Emissions from Positive Pressure Fabric Filters

Method 5E - Determination of Particulate Emissions from the Wool Fiberglass Insulation Manufacturing Industry

Method 5F - Determination of Nonsulfate Particulate Matter from Stationary Sources

Method 5T - Determination of Particulate Emissions from Stationary Sources - Total Dry and Wet Catch Method

Method 6 - Determination of Sulfur Dioxide Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 6A - Determination of Sulfur Dioxide, Moisture, and Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion Sources

Method 6B - Determination of Sulfur Dioxide and Carbon Dioxide Daily Average Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion Sources

Method 6C - Determination of Sulfur Dioxide Emissions from Stationary Sources (Instrumental Analyzer Procedure)     

Method 7 - Determination of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 7A - Determination of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions from Stationary Sources (Ion Chromatography)

Method 7B - Determination of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions from Stationary Sources (Ultraviolet Spectrophotometry)

Method 7C - Determination of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions from Stationary Sources (Alkaline-Permanganate/Ion Colorimetric Method)

Method 7D - Determination of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions from Stationary Sources (Alkaline-Permanganate/Ion Chromatographic Method)

Method 7E - Determination of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions from Stationary Sources (Instrumental Analyzer Procedure)

Method 8 - Determination of Sulfuric Acid Mist and Sulfur Dioxide Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 9 - Visual Determination of the Opacity of Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 10 - Determination of Carbon Monoxide Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 10A - Determination of Carbon Monoxide Emissions in Certifying Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems at Petroleum Refineries

Method 10B - Determination of Carbon Monoxide Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 11 - Determination of Hydrogen Sulfide Content of Fuel Gas Streams in Petroleum Refineries

Method 12 - Determination of Inorganic Lead Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 13A - Determination of Total Fluoride Emissions from Stationary Sources - SPANS Zirconium Lake Method

Method 13B - Determination of Total Fluoride Emissions from Stationary Sources - Specific Ion Electrode Method

Method 14 - Determination of Fluoride Emissions from Potroom Roof Monitors for Primary Aluminum Plants

Method 15 - Determination of Hydrogen Sulfide, Carbonyl Sulfide, and Carbon Disulfide Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 15A - Determination of Total Reduced Sulfur Emissions from Sulfur Recovery Plants in Petroleum Refineries

Method 16 - Semicontinuous Determination of Sulfur Emissions from Stationary sources

Method 16A - Determination of Total Reduced Sulfur Emissions from Stationary Sources (Impinger Technique)

Method 16B - Determination of Total Reduced Sulfur Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 16C - Determination of Total Reduced Sulfur Emissions from Stationary Sources (Instrumental Analyzer Procedure) 

Method 17 - Determination of Particulate Emissions from Stationary Sources (In-Stack Filtration Method)

Method 18 - Measurement of Gaseous Organic Compound Emissions by Gas Chromatography

Method 19 - Determination of Sulfur Dioxide Removal Efficiency and Particulate Matter, Sulfur Dioxide, and Nitrogen Oxides Emission Rates

Method 20 - Determination of Nitrogen Oxides, Sulfur Dioxide, and Oxygen Emissions from Stationary Gas Turbines

Method 21 - Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds Leaks

Method 22 - Visual Determination of Fugitive Emissions from Material Sources and Smoke Emissions from Flares

Method 23 - Determination of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans from stationary Sources

Method 24 - Determination of Volatile Matter Content, Water content, Density, Volume Solids, and Weight Solids of Surface Coatings

Method 24A - Determination of Volatile Matter Content and Density of Printing Inks and Related Coatings

Method 25 - Determination of Total Gaseous Nonmethane Organic Emissions as Carbon

Method 25A - Determination of Total Gaseous Organic Concentration Using a Flame Ionization Analyzer

Method 25B - Determination of Total Gaseous Organic Concentration Using Nondispersive Infrared Analyzer

Method 25C - Determination of Nonmethane Organic Compounds (NMOC) in MSW Landfill Gases

Method 25D - Determination of the Volatile Organic Concentration of Waste Samples

Method 25E - Determination of Vapor phase Organic Concentration in Waste Samples

Method 26 - Determination of Hydrogen Chloride Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 26A - Determination of Hydrogen Halide and Halogen Emissions from Stationary Sources - Isokinetic Method

Method 27 - Determination of Vapor Tightness of Gasoline Delivery Tank Using Pressure-Vacuum Test

Method 29 - Determination of Metals Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 30A - Determination of Total Vapor Phase Mercury Emissions from Stationary Sources (Instrumental Analyzer Procedure) 

Method 30B - Determination of Total Vapor Phase Mercury Emissions from Coal-Fired Combustion Sources Using Carbon Sorbent Traps

Method 101 - Determination of Particulate and Gaseous Mercury Emissions from Chlor-Alkali Plants - Air Streams     

Method 101A - Determination of Particulate and Gaseous Mercury Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 102 - Determination of Particulate and Gaseous Mercury Emissions from Chlor-Alkali Plants - Hydrogen Streams

Method 103 - Beryllium Screening Method

Method 104 - Determination of Beryllium Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 105 - Determination of Mercury in Wastewater Treatment Plant Sewage Sludge

Method 106 - Determination of Vinyl Chloride from Stationary Sources

Method 107 - Determination of Vinyl Chloride Content of Process Stream Samples

Method 107A - Determination of Vinyl Chloride Content of Solvents, Resin-Solvent Solution, Polyvinyl Chloride Resin, Resin Slurry, Wet Resin, and Latex Samples

Method 108 - Determination of Particulate and Gaseous Arsenic Emissions

Method 108A - Determination of Arsenic Content in Ore Samples from Nonferrous Smelters

Method 108B - Determination of Arsenic Content in Ore Samples from Nonferrous Smelters

Method 108C - Determination of Arsenic Content in Ore Samples from Nonferrous Smelters

Method 200 - Determination of Total Particulate, Free Chlorine, and Total Chlorides from Secondary Aluminum Smelters and Other Stationary Sources

Method 201 - Determination of PM10 Emissions (Exhaust Gas Recycle Procedure)

Method 201A - Determination of PM10 Emissions (Constant Sampling Rate Procedure)

Method 202 - Determination of Condensible Particulate Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 204 - Criteria for and Verification of a Permanent or Temporary Total Enclosure

Method 204A - Volatile Organic Compounds Content in Liquid Input Stream

Method 204B - Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions in Capture Stream

Method 204C - Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions in Captured Stream (Dilution Technique)

Method 204D - Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions in Fugitive Stream from Temporary Total Enclosure

Method 204E - Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions in Fugitive Stream from Building Enclosure

Method 204F - Volatile Organic Compounds Content in Liquid Input Stream (Distillation Approach)

Method 205 - Verification of Gas Dilution Systems for Field Instrument Calibrations 

Method 300 - Determination of Surface Coating Transfer Efficiency

Method 301 - Field Validation of Pollutant Measurement Methods from Various Waste Media

Method 304A - Determination of Biodegradation Rates of Organic Compounds (Vent Option)

Method 304B - Determination of Rates of Organic Compounds (Scrubber Option)

Method 305 - Measurement of Emission Potential of Individual Volatile Organic Compounds in Waste

Method 306 - Determination of Chromium Emissions from Decorative and Hard Chromium Electroplating and Anodizing Operations

Method 306A - Determination of Chromium Emissions from Decorative and Hard Chromium Electroplating and Anodizing Operations

Method 306B - Surface Tension Measurement and Recordkeeping for Chromium Plating Tanks Used at Electroplating and Anodizing Facilities

Method 307 - Determination of Emissions from Halogenated Solvent Vapor Cleaning Machines using a Liquid Level Procedure

Method 308 - Procedure for Determination of Methanol Emissions from Stationary Sources

Method 310A - Determination of Residual Hexane through Gas Chromatography

Method 310B - Determination of Residual Solvent through Gas Chromatography

Method 310C - Determination of Residual N-Hexane in EPDM Rubber through Gas Chromatography

Method 311 - Analysis of Hazardous Air Pollutant Compounds in Paints and Coatings by Direct Injection into a Gas Chromatograph

Method 312A - Determination of Styrene in Latex Styrene-Butadiene Rubber through Gas Chromatography     

Method 312B - Determination of Residual  Styrene in Styrene-Butadiene (SBR)  Rubber Latex by Capillary Gas Chromatography

Method 312C - Determination of Residual Styrene in SBR Latex Produced by Emulsion Polymerization

Method 313A - Determination of Residual Hydrocarbons in Rubber Crumb

Method 313B - The Determination of Residual Hydrocarbon in Solution Polymers by Capillary Gas Chromatography     

Method 316 - Sampling and Analysis for Formaldehyde Emissions from Stationary Sources in the Mineral Wool and Wool Fiberglass Industries

Appendix A - Part 2 - Field Data Sheets

Appendix B - Continuous Emission Monitor Performance Specifications

PS 1 - Specifications and Test Procedures for Opacity Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources

PS 2 - Specifications and Test Procedures for SO2 and NOx Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources

PS 3 - Specifications and Test Procedures for O2 and CO2 Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources

PS 4 - Specifications and Test Procedures for Carbon Monoxide Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources

PS 4A - Specifications and Test Procedures for Carbon Monoxide Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources

PS 5 - Specifications and Test Procedures for TRS Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources

PS 6 - Specifications and Test Procedures for Continuous Emission Rate Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources

PS 7 - Specifications and Test Procedures for Hydrogen Sulfide Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources

PS 11 - Specifications and Test Procedures for Particulate Matter Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems at Stationary Sources

PS 12A - Specifications and Test Procedures for Total Vapor Phase Mercury Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources 

PS 12B - Specifications and Test Procedures for Total Vapor Phase Mercury Emissions from Stationary Sources Using a Sorbent Trap Monitoring System 

PS 15 - Specifications and Test Procedures for Extractive FTIR Continuous Emissions Monitor Systems in Stationary Sources 

Appendix C - Quality Assurance Procedures for Gas Chromatography

Procedure 1 - Determination of Adequate Chromatographic Peak Resolution

Procedure 2 - Procedure for Field Auditing GC Analysis

Appendix D - Determination of Emission Rate Change

Appendix E - Performance Specifications for Flow Monitors

Performance Specifications and Specification Test Procedures for Monitoring Systems for Effluent Stream Gas Volumetric Flow Rate  

Appendix F - Quality Assurance Procedures

Procedure 1 - Quality Assurance Requirements for Gas Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems Used for Compliance Determination  

Procedure 2 - Quality Assurance Requirements for Particulate Matter Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems at Stationary Sources

Procedure 5 - Quality Assurance Requirements for Vapor Phase Mercury Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems and Sorbent Trap Monitoring Systems used for Compliance Determination at Stationary Sources    

Appendix G

Protocols for Determining VOC Capture Efficiency

Appendix H

Calculation of VOC Emissions from Open Molding Fiber-Reinforced Plastics Manufacturing

[Note: Unified Emission Factors (UEF) for Open Molding of Composites is given as a separate pdf.] 

Appendix I

Performance Test Calculations and Reporting 

Part V: Bibliography